We live in an increasingly eco-conscious world where consumers make more environmentally friendly purchasing decisions than ever.[1] But there's one area of modern life that many people in the United States fail to realize contributes to their overall carbon footprint: **Pet ownership.**

**Estimates suggest that dogs and cats alone are responsible for a quarter of greenhouse gas emissions related to animal agriculture**.[2] **The impact is more significant than most realize, adding tens of millions of tons of greenhouse emissions every year.**

While science is still divided about the true effect of owning cats and dogs on climate change, there's no denying that caring for an animal substantially increases one's carbon footprint in many ways.

But just how big is the carbon footprint of cats and dogs?

## Carbon Dioxide Emissions Related to Dog and Cat Ownership in 2024

The carbon footprint of individual pet owners can vary. However, research and surveys give us more insight into how pet ownership collectively produces more greenhouse gas emissions.

Below is a list of every state in the continental United States and the number of metric tons of CO2 cat and dog owners will play a part in producing in 2024. We've organized the list from highest to lowest, showing the states with the highest CO2 emissions first.

**The list uses data from several sources, including surveys from the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA).[4] It does not include data from states and jurisdictions excluded from relevant studies, such as Alaska, Hawaii and the District of Columbia (D.C.).**

### Expected emissions from pet ownership by state in 2024

### California

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 13.496.207

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 40.1%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **8.659.166**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 6.061.416 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 22.9%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 5.254.074

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 1.628.763 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in California for 2024:**

** 7.690.179 metric tons of CO2**

### Texas

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 10,203,252

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 43.4%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.7**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **7,527,959**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 5,269,571 metric tons of CO2

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 20.2%

### Cat Population

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 4,183,334

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 1,296,834 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Texas for 2024:**

** 6,566,405 metric tons of CO2**

### Florida

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 8,169,252

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 39.8%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.5**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **4,877,043**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 3,755,324 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 24.2%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 3,558,527

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 1,103,144 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Florida for 2024:**

** 4,858,466 metric tons of CO2**

### Ohio

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 4,8587,43

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 37.9%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.7**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **3,130,488**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 2,191,342 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 30.7%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 2,834,105

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 878,573 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Ohio for 2024:**

** 3,069,914 metric tons of CO2**

### Pennsylvania

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 5,259,799

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 38.9%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2,864,487**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 2,005,141 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 28.9%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2.1

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 3,192,173

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 989,574 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Pennsylvania for 2024:**

** 2,994,715 metric tons of CO2**

### New York

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 7,639,741

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 27%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2,887,822**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 2,021,476 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 21.1%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 2,740,376

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 849,517 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in New York for 2024:**

** 2,870,992 metric tons of CO2**

### Michigan

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 4,099,820

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 41.9%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2,748,519**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1,923,964 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 31.2%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 2,174,545

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 674,109 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Michigan for 2024:**

** 2,598,072 metric tons of CO2**

### North Carolina

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 4,152,540

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 41.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2,743,998**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1,920,799 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 26.5%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1,980,762

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 614,037 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in North Carolina for 2024:**

** 2,534,835 metric tons of CO2**

### Georgia

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 3,830,264

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 36.7%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.8**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2,606,181**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1,824,327 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 20.4%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2.1

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1,690,112

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 523,935 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Georgia for 2024:**

** 2,348,261 metric tons of CO2**

### Tennessee

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.718.639

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 47%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.7**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2.172.193**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.520.536 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 30.9%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2.2

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.848.131

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 572.921 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Tennessee for 2024:**

** 2.093.456 metric tons of CO2**

### Illinois

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 5.030.583

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 37%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2.183.273**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.528.292 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 21%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.795.919

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 556.735 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Illinois for 2024:**

** 2.085.026 metric tons of CO2**

### Indiana

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.680.853

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 49.4%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2.118.947**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.483.263 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 37.5%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.910.108

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 592.134 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Indiana for 2024:**

** 2.075.396 metric tons of CO2**

### Arizona

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.722.733

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 42.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.8**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2.107.396**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.475.178 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 26.4%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.437.604

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 445.658 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Arizona for 2024:**

** 1.920.834 metric tons of CO2**

### Washington

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.992.997

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 42.8%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.5**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.921.505**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.345.054 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 30.5%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.643.156

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 509.379 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Washington for 2024:**

** 1.854.432 metric tons of CO2**

### Virginia

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 3.279.645

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 35.6%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.7**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.984.842**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.389.390 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 23.9%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.489.287

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 461.679 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Virginia for 2024:**

** 1.851.068 metric tons of CO2**

### Missouri

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.513.418

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 45.1%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.813.683**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.269.579 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 28.6%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.365.792

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 423.396 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Missouri for 2024:**

** 1.692.974 metric tons of CO2**

### Alabama

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.945.159

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 46.9%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.9**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.733.332**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.213.333 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 26.1%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 863.068

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 267.552 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Alabama for 2024:**

** 1.480.883 metric tons of CO2**

### Colorado

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.201.524

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 47.2%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.662.591**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.163.814 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 27.1%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.6

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 954.581

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 295.921 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Colorado for 2024:**

** 1.459.734 metric tons of CO2**

### Kentucky

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.800.495

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 46.5%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.9**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.590.738**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.113.517 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 32.2%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.043.567

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 323.506 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Kentucky for 2024:**

** 1.437.022 metric tons of CO2**

### South Carolina

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.020.325

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 45.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.464.332**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.025.033 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 25.2%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.6

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 814.596

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 252.525 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in South Carolina for 2024:**

** 1.277.557 metric tons of CO2**

### Wisconsin

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.449.273

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 33.6%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.152.139**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 806.498 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 32.4%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.507.773

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 467.410 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Wisconsin for 2024:**

** 1.273.907 metric tons of CO2**

### New Jersey

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 3.370.216

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 29.1%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.3**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.274.953**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 892.468 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 18.9%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.6

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.019.154

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 315.938 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in New Jersey for 2024:**

** 1.208.405 metric tons of CO2**

### Oklahoma

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.538.376

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 47.7%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.8**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.320.850**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 924.595 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 28.4%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 786.418

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 243.790 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Oklahoma for 2024:**

** 1.168.385 metric tons of CO2**

### Minnesota

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.274.228

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 35.5%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.130.292**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 791.205 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 26.5%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.145.074

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 354.973 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Minnesota for 2024:**

** 1.146.177 metric tons of CO2**

### Massachusetts

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.725.359

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 28.9%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.102.681**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 771.877 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 23.5%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.6

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.024.735

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 317.668 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Massachusetts for 2024:**

** 1.089.545 metric tons of CO2**

### Mississippi

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.150.148

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 51%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 2.1**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.231.809**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 862.267 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 29.1%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 669.387

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 207.510 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Mississippi for 2024:**

** 1.069.776 metric tons of CO2**

### Arkansas

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.205.660

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 51.6%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.8**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.119.818**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 783.873 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 34.8%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2.1

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 881.097

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 273.141 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Arkansas for 2024:**

** 1.057.013 metric tons of CO2**

### Oregon

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.691.856

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 37.8%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.023.235**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 716.265 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 30%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.6

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 812.091

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 251.749 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Oregon for 2024:**

** 968.013 metric tons of CO2**

### Louisiana

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.804.515

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 38.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.105.807**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 774.065 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 19%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 582.859

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 180.687 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Louisiana for 2024:**

** 954.751 metric tons of CO2**

### Maryland

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.297.443

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 30.2%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **971.359**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 679.952 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 18.6%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 726.452

• **Total Emissions from Cats: **220.201metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Maryland for 2024:**

** 905.151 metric tons of CO2**

### Iowa

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.312.159

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 36.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 2**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **857.365**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 600.156 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 35.6%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 934.258

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 289.620 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Iowa for 2024:**

** 889.775 metric tons of CO2**

### Kansas

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.176.245

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 43.1%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **811.139**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 567.789 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 32.4%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2.1

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 800.318

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 278.099 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Kansas for 2024:**

** 815.896 metric tons of CO2**

### Nebraska

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 789.663

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 47.1%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.8**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **669.477**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 468.634 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 30.9%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2.3

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 561.214

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 173.977 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Nebraska for 2024:**

** 642.610 metric tons of CO2**

### West Virginia

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 756.262

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 49.6%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.7**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **637.681**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 446.377 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 37.7%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2.1

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 598.733

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 185.608 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in West Virginia for 2024:**

** 631.984 metric tons of CO2**

### Nevada

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.163.911

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 36%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **670.413**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 469.290 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 23.1%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 457.068

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 141.692 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Nevada for 2024:**

** 610.980 metric tons of CO2**

### Idaho

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 668.778

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 58.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.7**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **662.826**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 463.979 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 33.3%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 445.407

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 138.077 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Idaho for 2024:**

** 602.054 metric tons of CO2**

### Utah

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.033.445

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 36.2%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **598.572**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 419.001 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 24.7%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 484.996

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 150.349 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Utah for 2024:**

** 569.349 metric tons of CO2**

### New Mexico

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 816.538

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 39.4%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 2**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **643.432**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 450.403 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 25.2%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 370.382

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 114.819 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in New Mexico for 2024:**

** 565.221 metric tons of CO2**

### Connecticut

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.427.001

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 24%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **479.473**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 335.632 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 26.7%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 723.918

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 224.415 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Connecticut for 2024:**

** 560.046 metric tons of CO2**

### Montana

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 449.129

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 54.9%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 2.1**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **489.506**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 342.655 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 22.8%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 184.323

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 57.141 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Montana for 2024:**

** 399.794 metric tons of CO2**

### Maine

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 586.638

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 35.9%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.5**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **315.905**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 221.134 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 43.6%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 485.971

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 150.652 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Maine for 2024:**

** 371.785 metric tons of CO2**

### Delaware

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 382.082

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 42.2%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.8**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **290.230**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 203.161 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 24.1%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 165.748

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 51.382 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Delaware for 2024:**

** 254.543 metric tons of CO2**

### North Dakota

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 330.449

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 44.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.5**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **219.617**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 153.732 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 24.8%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 229.499

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 71.145 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in North Dakota for 2024:**

** 224.877 metric tons of CO2**

### New Hampshire

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 555.289

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 23.7%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **184.245**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 128.972 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 36.4%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.5

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 303.188

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 93.989 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in New Hampshire for 2024:**

** 222.960 metric tons of CO2**

### Rhode Island

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 427.172

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 25.8%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **154.295**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 108.007 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 16.7%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 142.676

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 44.230 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Rhode Island for 2024:**

** 152.236 metric tons of CO2**

### South Dakota

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 358.314

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 32.1%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.3**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **149.525**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 104.668 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 26.6%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.4

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 133.437

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 41.366 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in South Dakota for 2024:**

** 146.033 metric tons of CO2**

### Wyoming

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 240.228

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 36%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.7**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **147.020**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 102.914 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 30%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 129.724

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 40.215 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Wyoming for 2024:**

** 143.128 metric tons of CO2**

### Vermont

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 270.738

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 28.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.3**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **99.605**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 69.724 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 44.6%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.3

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 156.974

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 48.662 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Vermont for 2024:**

** 118.385 metric tons of CO2**

### California

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 13.496.207

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 40.1%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **8.659.166**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 6.061.416 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 22.9%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 5.254.074

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 1.628.763 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in California for 2024:**

** 7.690.179 metric tons of CO2**

### Texas

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 10,203,252

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 43.4%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.7**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **7,527,959**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 5,269,571 metric tons of CO2

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 20.2%

### Cat Population

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 4,183,334

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 1,296,834 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Texas for 2024:**

** 6,566,405 metric tons of CO2**

### Florida

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 8,169,252

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 39.8%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.5**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **4,877,043**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 3,755,324 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 24.2%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 3,558,527

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 1,103,144 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Florida for 2024:**

** 4,858,466 metric tons of CO2**

### Ohio

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 4,8587,43

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 37.9%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.7**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **3,130,488**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 2,191,342 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 30.7%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 2,834,105

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 878,573 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Ohio for 2024:**

** 3,069,914 metric tons of CO2**

### Pennsylvania

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 5,259,799

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 38.9%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2,864,487**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 2,005,141 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 28.9%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2.1

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 3,192,173

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 989,574 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Pennsylvania for 2024:**

** 2,994,715 metric tons of CO2**

### New York

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 7,639,741

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 27%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2,887,822**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 2,021,476 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 21.1%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 2,740,376

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 849,517 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in New York for 2024:**

** 2,870,992 metric tons of CO2**

### Michigan

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 4,099,820

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 41.9%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2,748,519**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1,923,964 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 31.2%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 2,174,545

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 674,109 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Michigan for 2024:**

** 2,598,072 metric tons of CO2**

### North Carolina

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 4,152,540

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 41.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2,743,998**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1,920,799 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 26.5%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1,980,762

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 614,037 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in North Carolina for 2024:**

** 2,534,835 metric tons of CO2**

### Georgia

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 3,830,264

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 36.7%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.8**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2,606,181**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1,824,327 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 20.4%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2.1

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1,690,112

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 523,935 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Georgia for 2024:**

** 2,348,261 metric tons of CO2**

### Tennessee

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.718.639

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 47%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.7**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2.172.193**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.520.536 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 30.9%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2.2

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.848.131

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 572.921 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Tennessee for 2024:**

** 2.093.456 metric tons of CO2**

### Illinois

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 5.030.583

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 37%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2.183.273**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.528.292 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 21%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.795.919

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 556.735 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Illinois for 2024:**

** 2.085.026 metric tons of CO2**

### Indiana

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.680.853

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 49.4%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2.118.947**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.483.263 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 37.5%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.910.108

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 592.134 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Indiana for 2024:**

** 2.075.396 metric tons of CO2**

### Arizona

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.722.733

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 42.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.8**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **2.107.396**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.475.178 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 26.4%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.437.604

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 445.658 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Arizona for 2024:**

** 1.920.834 metric tons of CO2**

### Washington

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.992.997

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 42.8%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.5**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.921.505**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.345.054 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 30.5%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.643.156

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 509.379 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Washington for 2024:**

** 1.854.432 metric tons of CO2**

### Virginia

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 3.279.645

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 35.6%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.7**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.984.842**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.389.390 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 23.9%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.489.287

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 461.679 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Virginia for 2024:**

** 1.851.068 metric tons of CO2**

### Missouri

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.513.418

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 45.1%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.813.683**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.269.579 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 28.6%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.365.792

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 423.396 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Missouri for 2024:**

** 1.692.974 metric tons of CO2**

### Alabama

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.945.159

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 46.9%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.9**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.733.332**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.213.333 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 26.1%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 863.068

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 267.552 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Alabama for 2024:**

** 1.480.883 metric tons of CO2**

### Colorado

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.201.524

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 47.2%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.662.591**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.163.814 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 27.1%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.6

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 954.581

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 295.921 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Colorado for 2024:**

** 1.459.734 metric tons of CO2**

### Kentucky

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.800.495

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 46.5%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.9**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.590.738**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.113.517 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 32.2%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.043.567

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 323.506 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Kentucky for 2024:**

** 1.437.022 metric tons of CO2**

### South Carolina

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.020.325

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 45.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.464.332**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 1.025.033 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 25.2%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.6

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 814.596

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 252.525 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in South Carolina for 2024:**

** 1.277.557 metric tons of CO2**

### Wisconsin

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.449.273

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 33.6%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.152.139**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 806.498 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 32.4%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.507.773

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 467.410 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Wisconsin for 2024:**

** 1.273.907 metric tons of CO2**

### New Jersey

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 3.370.216

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 29.1%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.3**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.274.953**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 892.468 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 18.9%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.6

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.019.154

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 315.938 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in New Jersey for 2024:**

** 1.208.405 metric tons of CO2**

### Oklahoma

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.538.376

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 47.7%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.8**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.320.850**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 924.595 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 28.4%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 786.418

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 243.790 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Oklahoma for 2024:**

** 1.168.385 metric tons of CO2**

### Minnesota

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.274.228

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 35.5%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.130.292**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 791.205 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 26.5%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.145.074

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 354.973 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Minnesota for 2024:**

** 1.146.177 metric tons of CO2**

### Massachusetts

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.725.359

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 28.9%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.102.681**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 771.877 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 23.5%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.6

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 1.024.735

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 317.668 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Massachusetts for 2024:**

** 1.089.545 metric tons of CO2**

### Mississippi

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.150.148

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 51%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 2.1**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.231.809**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 862.267 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 29.1%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 669.387

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 207.510 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Mississippi for 2024:**

** 1.069.776 metric tons of CO2**

### Arkansas

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.205.660

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 51.6%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.8**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.119.818**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 783.873 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 34.8%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2.1

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 881.097

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 273.141 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Arkansas for 2024:**

** 1.057.013 metric tons of CO2**

### Oregon

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.691.856

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 37.8%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.023.235**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 716.265 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 30%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.6

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 812.091

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 251.749 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Oregon for 2024:**

** 968.013 metric tons of CO2**

### Louisiana

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.804.515

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 38.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **1.105.807**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 774.065 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 19%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 582.859

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 180.687 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Louisiana for 2024:**

** 954.751 metric tons of CO2**

### Maryland

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 2.297.443

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 30.2%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **971.359**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 679.952 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 18.6%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 726.452

• **Total Emissions from Cats: **220.201metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Maryland for 2024:**

** 905.151 metric tons of CO2**

### Iowa

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.312.159

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 36.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 2**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **857.365**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 600.156 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 35.6%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 934.258

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 289.620 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Iowa for 2024:**

** 889.775 metric tons of CO2**

### Kansas

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.176.245

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 43.1%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **811.139**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 567.789 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 32.4%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2.1

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 800.318

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 278.099 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Kansas for 2024:**

** 815.896 metric tons of CO2**

### Nebraska

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 789.663

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 47.1%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.8**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **669.477**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 468.634 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 30.9%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2.3

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 561.214

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 173.977 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Nebraska for 2024:**

** 642.610 metric tons of CO2**

### West Virginia

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 756.262

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 49.6%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.7**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **637.681**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 446.377 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 37.7%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2.1

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 598.733

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 185.608 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in West Virginia for 2024:**

** 631.984 metric tons of CO2**

### Nevada

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.163.911

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 36%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **670.413**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 469.290 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 23.1%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.7

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 457.068

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 141.692 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Nevada for 2024:**

** 610.980 metric tons of CO2**

### Idaho

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 668.778

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 58.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.7**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **662.826**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 463.979 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 33.3%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 445.407

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 138.077 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Idaho for 2024:**

** 602.054 metric tons of CO2**

### Utah

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.033.445

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 36.2%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.6**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **598.572**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 419.001 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 24.7%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 484.996

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 150.349 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Utah for 2024:**

** 569.349 metric tons of CO2**

### New Mexico

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 816.538

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 39.4%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 2**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **643.432**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 450.403 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 25.2%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 370.382

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 114.819 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in New Mexico for 2024:**

** 565.221 metric tons of CO2**

### Connecticut

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 1.427.001

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 24%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **479.473**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 335.632 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 26.7%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 723.918

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 224.415 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Connecticut for 2024:**

** 560.046 metric tons of CO2**

### Montana

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 449.129

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 54.9%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 2.1**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **489.506**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 342.655 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 22.8%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 184.323

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 57.141 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Montana for 2024:**

** 399.794 metric tons of CO2**

### Maine

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 586.638

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 35.9%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.5**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **315.905**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 221.134 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 43.6%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.9

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 485.971

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 150.652 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Maine for 2024:**

** 371.785 metric tons of CO2**

### Delaware

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 382.082

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 42.2%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.8**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **290.230**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 203.161 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 24.1%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 165.748

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 51.382 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Delaware for 2024:**

** 254.543 metric tons of CO2**

### North Dakota

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 330.449

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 44.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.5**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **219.617**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 153.732 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 24.8%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 229.499

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 71.145 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in North Dakota for 2024:**

** 224.877 metric tons of CO2**

### New Hampshire

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 555.289

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 23.7%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **184.245**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 128.972 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 36.4%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.5

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 303.188

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 93.989 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in New Hampshire for 2024:**

** 222.960 metric tons of CO2**

### Rhode Island

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 427.172

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 25.8%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.4**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **154.295**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 108.007 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 16.7%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **2

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 142.676

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 44.230 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Rhode Island for 2024:**

** 152.236 metric tons of CO2**

### South Dakota

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 358.314

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 32.1%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.3**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **149.525**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 104.668 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 26.6%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.4

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 133.437

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 41.366 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in South Dakota for 2024:**

** 146.033 metric tons of CO2**

### Wyoming

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 240.228

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 36%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.7**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **147.020**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 102.914 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 30%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.8

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 129.724

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 40.215 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Wyoming for 2024:**

** 143.128 metric tons of CO2**

### Vermont

• **Number of Households in 2024:** 270.738

### Dog Population

• **Percentage of Dog-Owning Households:** 28.3%**• Average Number of Dogs Per Household:** 1.3**• Total Estimated Dog Population: **99.605**• Total Emissions from Dogs**: 69.724 metric tons of CO2

### Cat Population

• **Percentage of Cat-Owning Households:** 44.6%

•** Average Number of Cats Per Household: **1.3

• **Total Estimated Cat Population:** 156.974

• **Total Emissions from Cats:** 48.662 metric tons of CO2

### Total Emissions

**Total Emissions Caused by Dogs and Cats Combined in Vermont for 2024:**

** 118.385 metric tons of CO2**

**Expected emissions from pet ownership by state in 2024 (diagram)**

## What Contributes to a Pet's Carbon Footprint?

**Cats and dogs contribute to emissions in many ways, including manufacturing processes for every item they use. The biggest offender is a pet's diet.**

Commercial dog and cat food is among the biggest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions. Cats and dogs eat an estimated 20 percent of the world's meat and fish.[5] One study found that cats and dogs alone are responsible for 30 percent of the total environmental impact of meat consumption in the United States.[6]

For perspective, the manufacturing process for dry commercial food produces approximately 4.25kg of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions for just 1,000 kilocalories (kcals) of product. Wet food is even worse, producing 33.46kg of emissions per 1,000 kcals.[7]

Researchers found that dog and cat food production releases about 64 million metric tons of greenhouse gases annually, which is similar to the impact of 13.6 million cars on the road.

An average-sized dog is responsible for roughly 700kg of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions yearly. Cats are responsible for about 310kg.

## The Average Carbon Footprint of a Dog

An average-sized dog is responsible for roughly 700kg of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions yearly.

Of course, sizes and diets vary based on breed. Smaller pups are responsible for much less. However, large-breed canines can play a part in producing up to a staggering 2,500kg!

## The Average Carbon Footprint of a Cat

Cats are responsible for far fewer emissions than dogs, but the impact is still significant. The average cat will contribute around 310kg of emissions yearly.

## Ways to Minimize Your Pet's Carbon Footprint

Pets will increase your carbon footprint. But that doesn't mean pet owners must give up the love and companionship pets provide! The key to minimizing a pet's impact is to make smarter and more eco-friendly purchasing choices.

### Re-Evaluate Your Pet's Food

Commercial pet food manufacturing is the biggest issue that increases a cat or dog's footprint. However, dogs and cats must still eat a healthy and balanced diet of meat and protein.

Consider switching to a more sustainable brand. Sustainability in food manufacturing is a tall order, but many brands are working hard to reduce emissions. Do your homework and find brands that prioritize carbon-neutral processes.

Don't focus entirely on ingredients. Those matter, but a huge contributor to total emissions falls outside the manufacturing process. Transporting raw ingredients to facilities is a major problem. The same goes for post-manufacturing transportation of finished products to stores. It's also important to consider the materials used for packaging and how they impact sustainability and emissions.

To minimize your pet's carbon footprint, reconsider the types of food you provide and work with your vet for a better alternative.

Try transitioning your cat or dog away from emission-heavy meat ingredients like beef and lamb. Instead, opt for meat-based formulas that contain proteins with a lower greenhouse gas footprint, such as chicken, fish, turkey, duck or rabbit. Newer, innovative brands even use insects as a protein source, significantly lowering your pet's impact.

### Pay Attention to Toys and Supplies

While food is the biggest factor in a pet's carbon footprint, other products you purchase can be problematic, too.

Plastic toys, waste bags, cat litter, and more are awful for the environment. Like food, manufacturing processes result in substantial emissions. Instead of buying cheap plastic products, spring for greener alternatives.

For example, toys made of natural materials like jute can make a difference. The same applies to sustainable leashes, harnesses, bedding, cat litter, etc.

You can also consider sticking to the essentials to avoid over-buying.

### Offsetting Your Pet's Carbon Footprint

It's impossible to zero out your pet's carbon footprint entirely. The pet industry isn't at that point just yet. However, you can offset your pet's impact by investing in environmental projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions elsewhere.

There's no shortage of projects to support, and many platforms allow you to invest with one-time donations or ongoing monthly subscriptions. They can help you achieve net-zero pet ownership.

## Understanding a Pet's Impact

Despite all the progress we're seeing in the United States, there's a long way to go in reducing emissions as a country. Understanding your pet's impact is the first step in making positive changes. Pet ownership has a bigger effect on the environment than most realize, but that doesn't mean you can't welcome pets into your life. The key is to make smarter purchasing decisions while taking steps to minimize and offset your pet's footprint as much as possible.

Furthermore, things will get worse before they get better. Pet ownership is rising, and more people are adding canine and feline companions to their families.[3] As a result, carbon dioxide emissions from dog and cat ownership will continue to increase in 2024 and beyond.

RESOURCES:

- [1] https://execsintheknow.com/magazines/july-2023-issue/the-rise-of-environmentally-conscious-consumers-cx-reimagined-for-sustainability/
- [2] https://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffmcmahon/2017/08/02/whats-your-dogs-carbon-pawprint/?sh=5494e3a613a6
- [3] https://www.forbes.com/advisor/pet-insurance/pet-ownership-statistics/
- [4] https://www.avma.org/
- [5] https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/would-you-feed-your-dog-insects-to-help-the-planet_uk_5c371958e4b045f676890c63
- [6] https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2023/oct/21/throw-a-dog-a-bean-how-to-reduce-the-carbon-footprint-of-your-pets#:
- [7] https://www.ed.ac.uk/global-agriculture-food-systems/gaafs-news/blogs/behind-the-environmental-impacts-of-pet-foods